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Health Screening

Cholesterol is a hard, waxy substance and is one of the main fats found in the blood. The two main types are the harmful LDL (low-density lipoprotein) Cholesterol and the beneficial HDL (high-density lipoprotein) Cholesterol.

A certain amount of Cholesterol is vital for the normal functioning of the body but high Cholesterol is a major risk factor for heart disease and stroke. Cholesterol is deposited on the inner walls of arteries in a process called artherosclerosis. This occurs over many years and does not cause any symptoms but can increase the risk of heart attack and stroke.

LDLs carry Cholesterol to the cells, increasing the potential of artherosclerosis. HDLs carry Cholesterol away from the cells and back to the liver where it is changed into bile and excreted in the faeces. A Cholesterol test that shows the total amount of Cholesterol is not sufficient to determine the risk of heart disease because it combines both “good” and “bad” Cholesterol into the same measurement. The test also needs to show the ratio of HDL to LDL.

Cholesterol is not needed in the diet because the body makes all the Cholesterol it needs. Please ask for further dietary advice at the Pharmacy and for other tips to help reach or maintain healthy levels of Cholesterol. The table below shows acceptable limits of the various Cholesterols:

Total Cholesterol <5.2 mmol/l
High Density Lipoprotein >0.9 mmol/l
Low Density Lipoprotein <3.4 mmol/l
Tri-glycerides <2.3 mmol/l

- glucose,
- heamoglobin,
- blood pressure,
- body mass index.
© Copyright 2021 Chambers + Pharmacy,
Kevin McCormack B.Sc. Pharm. MPSI